Last night, the school board unanimously voted to place a new parcel tax measure on the ballot, to be voted on May 5th in a scheduled all-mail election. This would affect our current two measures in force, Measure A (a parcel tax of $110.60 expiring in 2019) and Measure B (a parcel tax of $78 expiring this year). The absence of any new measure would mean the loss of approximately $750,000 from Measure B’s expiration. This new measure (to be named by the elections office) would combine Measures A and B into a single one, extend their term for 6 years (expiring 2021), and add $58 per parcel. If passed by 2/3 of the voters, the measure would both retain the existing local funding and also add approximately another $500,000 per year.
As most readers know, California public schools have been underfunded for decades, and San Carlos remains one of the lowest funded districts in the state (in one of the highest cost regions). I believe that our staff has done an incredible job in creating a wonderful educational experience for our children despite this context. And naturally, this community has stepped up over and over again to create local sources of revenue for the District — primarily from these parcel taxes as well as from contributions to the San Carlos Educational Foundation. Together these two sources represent approximately 15% of our overall budget, and it would be impossible to have the caliber of teachers and programs without this local revenue. The District has also been quite enterprising in building out its pay-for-service programs, such as pre-school, after school, and camps.
Naturally, the pending expiration of Measure B started the discussion on the need for such continued funding. And unfortunately, due to the new Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) adopted by the State, San Carlos receives less state funding that it would have under the old model (which was one of the lowest in the nation to begin with). So despite news from the state that funding for education is improving, the finances in San Carlos remain precarious, and we are in danger of running down reserves over the next couple of years without spending cuts or a revenue increase. And as parents in the District know quite well, cuts would be quite painful and detrimental for our students — we still have less funding per student than we had in 2007, and costs have gone up!
School finance is a very complicated and counter-intutive subject — if you’d like to learn more, I encourage to watch my video on California education finance — this was updated a little over a year ago to include the effect of LCFF. The parcel tax and education foundation are two of the few tools we have as a local community to control our own destiny. The parcel tax is a true “win-win” in that it helps students but also benefits taxpayers — real estate value increases from supporting the school system dwarf the small amount added to property tax bills.
However, like any measure, we need to get the word out! A group of community members is in the process of forming an independent campaign committee to lead the effort to support this ballot measure. Just as in prior campaigns, it will take a lot of work from a lot of folks to get this message out. If you’re interested in getting involved, please e-mail me and I will connect you with the right people. San Carlos has had a long history of supporting these measures and its schools, but it still required a strong campaign!
We are doing some exciting things in San Carlos – from the new schools being built to some of the incredible additions to the curriculum based our project-based learning, technology, and other “21st Century Learning” concepts – that we can’t afford to slow down and short change our students. This retained and additional funding will help us fill the gap created by the State and give us an ability to further invest in our students and our community. Please get involved, and certainly vote when you get your ballot!
At Thursday’s board meeting, the Board voted 3-2 to approve the new contract with the San Carlos Teachers Association (SCTA). This agreement included a 2% raise in the salary schedule as well as increased contributions to health benefits. Although the agreement was approved, every single board member expressed serious frustration at how the negotiating process went this year and the lack of constructive engagement by the bargaining unit. Rather than try to summarize everyone’s comments, I invite folks to watch the video of this agenda item (the discussion is about 20 minutes long — from approximately 13:44 – 34:20 on the recording), as I think there were very thoughtful comments by all board members. There was also an article today in the San Mateo Daily Journal giving a brief summary of the item.
Below I have included a transcript of my own remarks:
This is my seventh year going through the negotiating process, and I must admit it always felt like one of the strangest parts of the job, and certainly the most anachronistic. There are plenty of folks out there who are just stunned when we learn that in the 21st century, we still have this incredibly old framework for managing how our employees work and how much they get paid. Particularly in a context where otherwise we think of our staff members as professionals, it’s odd that we revert to this old factory-worker mentality for this large subset of important issues.
There’s no doubt that teachers need to get paid more. Our teachers do amazing work in this district, and I’m certain my colleagues on the board all agree that teachers are fundamentally underpaid. I’m sure most parents would agree with that too. I wish we could do something more dramatic about that, but we all know that we have so little control over our funding, and that the state had systematically underfunded education for decades. We strive to do the best we can, and supporting SCEF and putting multiple parcel taxes on the ballot gives us a little more breathing room. Is it enough? Of course, not.
But then it would be flawed logic to conclude that this District or this Board does not care deeply about its teachers or does not understand the criticality of a great teaching staff on students. Does anyone think that these five people sitting up here volunteer thousands of hours of their time because they don’t value teachers? Does the fact that our teachers get paid toward the top end of the scale of Revenue Limit districts in this county mean we don’t care about teachers? Or is more likely that making these decisions is quite difficult and complex, and that there are a lot of competing needs that need to be weighed, all under the cloud of continued financial uncertainty? Is it possible that we understand that with limited resources we cannot fully fund everything we would like?
There are many flaws in this collective bargaining process that we are required to undertake. The first is the obvious one — the assumption that the same compensation scheme and work rules would be right for everyone. I recognize this would be a challenge to change, but perhaps one day we will be able to treat our employees as individual professionals with individual needs and customized responsibilities. The second, less obvious, flaw is the application of a private sector “zero-sum” framework. In the case where the UAW is negotiating with General Motors, for example, the union may make a reasonable assumption that any money not captured by the bargaining unit goes back to the company, and hence would eventually flow to “management” or to shareholders. We don’t have this dynamic, yet the underlying assumptions and rhetoric are often similar. If the District “saves” money by not spending it on teacher salaries, for example, it’s not as if another group gets richer because of it. Rather, by definition, that same money goes right back into services for students — maybe not in the same year, but eventually it must. There is no “profit” taken out by anyone and there is no management windfall achieved by cost savings. And since 80% of our spending goes toward personnel, when that money is eventually spent it will go back to supporting our staff — maybe in not the exact same way that everyone wants, but supporting our teachers and our students nonetheless. The last flaw is the century-old assumption that the way to advance your cause is to “put pressure” on the board, rally the troops, and rally parents to your cause. I would think that we all would have learned that in 2014 in San Carlos, this technique is actually counterproductive. I suspect this administration — and I’m sure this Board — responds more positively to constructive engagement than to pressure.
In these seven years, we’ve had some more difficult and some easier ones with respect to negotiating. As you recall, we had years when we had to cut salaries because our own funding was cut so dramatically. We are fortunately not in that situation today, but as we all know, San Carlos was not a beneficiary of the new Local Control Funding Formula. Funding will continue to be very tight for many years — that is our sad reality. This is why it is crucial we renew and/or increase our parcel tax and we do everything we can to support SCEF growing.
I understand that Dr. Baker and the SCTA leads are discussing making changes in our process as well as the potential representatives on both sides of the table. I look forward to seeing such changes, but until such time, I can’t support such agreements and will vote no on this contract.
Last night the board made a final decision on the location of CLC. As I reported a few weeks ago, the School Board voted on August 28th to keep CLC on the Tierra Linda campus (even though I was the dissenting vote). However, at that time, we wanted to get more information before deciding the specific location on that campus. At last night’s meeting, the Board agreed to locate CLC on the upper section of the TL campus, roughly in the area currently occupied by Edison Montessori and some district Special Education preschool classes. This was determined to be both the most prudent fiscal option as well as the one which best gave CLC its own campus within the campus. After the new CLC is built, the buildings currently occupied by CLC would be remodeled to be the new 4-5 school.
Certainly having a new, separate, parcel of land for CLC would have been ideal for all, but the failure of the land swap proposal with the City caused us to choose one of our existing pieces of property. Even before we passed the District’s Facilities Master Plan 18 months ago, we knew this was a likely scenario.
There are a few open issues left, including determining a new location for the Montessori school and the other preschool classrooms, and there is still a fair bit of work to do in designing new traffic circulation paths around the campus. The District has been working with the City of San Carlos, the City of Belmont, and the Sequoia Union High School District to together devise solutions to help ease traffic flow on Alameda and Dartmouth as well as inside the TL campus. You will likely be hearing about some of these proposed solutions in the coming months.
In any case, it’s nice to have this closure for the CLC community and for the rest of the District.
There is often much misunderstanding and controversy surrounding the issuance of facility bonds by local school districts. The recent flap over Capital Appreciation Bonds is one of them, but completely ignored is a real cost added on to taxpayers by rating agencies who either don’t understand, or choose to ignore, how they work.
As background, if a school district issues local general obligation bonds (which must be placed on the ballot by the school board and then approved by local voters), these bonds are funded by an additional tax levy on property owners; this tax pays the interest and principal costs of these bonds over their life. Typically, this is an “ad valorem” tax, meaning the tax levied to pay debt service in any given year is based on real estate values (generally annual debt service divided by assessed values in that year). Each property owner pays an equal percentage tax tacked onto their annual property tax bills. So, effectively the bond debt service is collateralized by the property tax stream from the property owners. This is in contrast to a standard municipal bond where the issuing agency (the one receiving the proceeds) is the same as the one servicing the bond debt.
Like any financial instrument, the cost (interest in the case of bonds) is determined by the market. While investors generally conduct internal credit analysis, the bond market still relies on rating agencies, such as Standard & Poor’s (S&P) and Moody’s, to assign a rating to each bond issuance. For S&P, these ratings go from AAA all the way to D, with gradations along the way (AAA, AA+, AA, AA-, A+, A, A-, BBB+, BBB, BBB-, etc.). The lower the rating, the higher the interest cost, on the theory that a lower rated bond has a higher likelihood of default and therefore must compensate investors with a higher return to accept that higher risk. For all bond issuers, public and private, getting a strong bond rating is key to keeping costs down.
When a school district issues general obligation bonds, it also goes to an agency like S&P to get a rating. As it does for other issuers, S&P rates the creditworthiness of the issuer on four key factors — the health of the local economy (which includes the tax base), the finances of the district, the management of the district, and the indebtedness of the district. The problem, however, is that three of these four criteria actually have nothing to do with the credit worthiness of the bonds. As school bond debt service is paid by property owners (unlike standard municipal bonds), the financial health of the district isn’t relevant at all. Even if our school district ceased to exist tomorrow, all of our bonds issued would still be paid off with no risk of default because the debt service isn’t coming from the district — it’s coming from property owners! The only possible scenario where these bonds could default would be if every property owner in the district declared bankruptcy, and did it simultaneously! Because even if the town were hit with a severe recession or if a substantial number of citizens moved away, the burden of debt service would just shift to the remaining taxpayers (who would then each pay a higher percentage ad valorem tax rate). In practice, the only conceivable — albeit farfetched — scenario to have a bond default would be some natural disaster where overnight our town literally ceased to exist!
It may be too easy to assume that this ignorance by the rating agencies is just laziness, but I would suggest this standardized approach is rather simply self-serving — the rating agencies generate business by doing this “research” on each local district when in reality no such research is necessary, because any objective analysis would conclude that all school bonds of this sort must be AAA rated almost by definition. This “rating deflation” costs taxpayers and districts real money — districts get reduced bonding capacity (given tax rate limits, a district can issue less bonds) and/or taxpayers pay more interest for no reason. For example, our district was rated AA- for its recent bond issuance, which is considered fairly strong by current methods. But even that three-step distance from a AAA rating can mean a difference of 0.35%, so for every $100 million in bonds outstanding, the taxpayers are burdened with an extra $350,000 per year (and of course, much more for districts with lower ratings).
Some bond attorneys argue that S&P has concerns about a theoretical situation where a district goes bankrupt and then looks to “sweep” money from the dedicated debt service account for general fund purposes. As this has never actually happened and is even against the law in this state, it’s a better assumption that keeping the status quo is just in the rating agencies’ self-interest. What incentive do they have to change a system so as to minimize or eliminate their “value-add”? Perhaps there are two conclusions here: (1) school bonds are probably one of the best debt instruments an investor can make given the relatively higher interest rate with no higher risk, and (2) in the absence of the rating agencies doing the right thing, maybe a state policy change can mitigate this long-standing, monopolistic power that is surreptitiously issuing an additional tax on most of our citizens.
At last night’s School Board meeting, the Board voted 4-1 to keep the Charter Learning Center (CLC) on the Tierra Linda campus. I was the dissenting vote. Although I think re-locating CLC to the Heather School campus would have been the more optimal solution, I’m glad that the decision is made and we can move on. As I said last night, despite the relative angst generated by this question, the truth is both of these solutions will work out fine for students, teachers, and for all of the schools involved. I had just felt that moving the school to Heather would have been a more efficient use of our land, would have given us greater future flexibility for growth, and would better disperse traffic throughout the city. My colleagues did not give as much of a weight to these arguments, and all cited the specific preference by CLC to stay on its current campus.
In the grand scheme of things, this is the last piece of the puzzle that defined how we move forward on our Facilities Master Plan. And of course, this decision faced by the School Board was the result of the City Council’s inability to bring to the voters the proposition to swap land to have a new site on Crestview for CLC — that would have been better for both the school district as well as all San Carlans for for many reasons. So, despite the fact that CLC won’t be either in the optimal location (Crestview) or in what I think was the better back-up location (Heather), the decision allows us to move forward in what is, overall, an incredible plan for the school district and its students. We will have two new 4th-5th grade schools on each of the Central and TL campuses (built for 21st century learning), and we will relieve overcrowding at all of the elementary schools.
The default assumption has been that CLC would move to the upper part of the TL campus and the new 4-5 school would be where CLC is now. But in our upcoming board meetings, we will look at specific plans which could include an alternate configuration of leaving CLC in its current location and building the 4-5 in the lower section of campus.
Now, the main challenge will be traffic mitigation measures on the Alameda/Club/Dartmouth corridor. As our enrollment grows as does the enrollment of nearby Carlmont High School, there will need to be a fair bit of work on safety and traffic mitigation measures. There is a committee of four government agencies that has been working on some recommendations, so we will likely hear about that soon. Also, the District may need to consider re-locating some of the other facilities on the TL campus, including the Montessori school as well as the bus transportation yard.
School Board service is a funny thing. On the one hand, most recognize that my colleagues and I volunteer thousands of hours for no purpose other than to do the best thing for students. We have no other agenda — we have no political donors or parties to serve and no political career to protect. For me, it still a shining example of a representative democracy. And of course, we have a staff (from the Superintendent on down) who work for this public entity clearly not for the dazzling pay but for their devotion to children and their education. The work done by our leadership in this District is nothing short of groundbreaking.
But every once in a while (and fortunately not very often), people forget this dynamic and somehow imprint their view of politicians in general onto us, and in doing so engage in shockingly negative and downright mean behavior. Such was the case in the board’s discussion last night around the District’s approach to after-school programs. Unfortunately, the frenzy was kicked off by our current vendor, San Carlos/Belmont After School Program (SCBASP), who has been providing after-school programs for decades at some of our school sites. It has always been known by the District that students and families have been generally happy with SCBASP’s program, but the District has been reviewing all partnerships in the context of strengthening programs for kids, best aligning such programs with our overall Strategic Plan (where the goal is very clearly to better integrate all programs throughout the day), and examining financial alternatives given our continued poor funding from the state. Seeing an agenda item for yesterday’s board meeting, SCBASP sent out an alarmist e-mail full of half-truths to the families they serve, who in turn flooded us with e-mails and attended last night’s board meeting. I understand that parents were working with incomplete information, but it demonstrated something about social psychology that so many were willing to jump to conclusions without getting all of the information. I’m glad that many attended last night’s meeting so folks could hear what is really going on (which is the fact that under no circumstances would the after-school program go away — it was question of whether the District should consider “in-sourcing” it). And although some e-mails we received we only asking for more information, the far majority just parroted what they had heard and many went further as to sling insults at the Board at the District.
It saddened me to see members of our community act in this way, and it didn’t stop with the e-mails. Last night’s meeting demonstrated some of the rudest behavior I have seen at our meetings. Last night I tried to remind folks that if their goal is to influence policy, then insulting the policy makers is generally not a winning approach. Board members were constantly interrupted by some members of the audience and ignored the Board President’s plea for civility. It was an ironic lesson for our students in how not to behave.
I don’t know what the outcome will be for this particular decision, but I do know a few things. I am confident that our staff and Board will have an honest and thoughtful discussion and analysis around the issue, taking into account all dimensions of it and always keeping the quality of programs for our children as the prime consideration. I encourage SCBASP to join our ensemble of partners who have worked so hard to find collaborative solutions with the District and not work at odds with it, and I encourage parents to gain this perspective. Please remember that it is constructive engagement which influences.
At last night’s board meeting, we received an update on the District’s proposal for handling Common Core math implementation in the San Carlos School District. I wrote a detailed summary of our prior meeting in April where we went through some of the options and understood a bit better the approach behind Common Core. The big takeaways from that meeting included: (a) Common Core math is a much richer set of standards with an aim to significantly deepen students’ conceptual understanding of mathematics; (b) Common Core rethinks the sequence of when certain concepts are taught and blows up the boxes between what we formerly called certain areas of math, like Algebra, Geometry, etc. — in other words, certain parts of these “higher-level” math courses are actually taught a lot earlier than before; and (c) this is a very complex, multi-layered issue that has required extensive work by our math teachers and administrators, in collaboration with their high school counterparts. Because of all this, it is extremely difficult to compare our current offerings to the Common Core offerings. Some high schools for example, have embraced an “integrated” approach where they even remove the historical labels (Algebra, Geometry, etc.) altogether, and even though the Sequoia Union High School District is implementing Common Core, they are keeping a “traditional” nomenclature and sequencing.
As one could imagine, there is a fair bit of confusion and angst around this change, both because of the lack of comparability to the past as well our lack of history and data about what will best work for students. The District has continued to work hard on this issue and has had lots of community input (including at a meeting on May 7). Based on all of this, the Board received a more specific proposal last night, and I applaud the District staff for all of the hard work and for coming up with solutions that address so many of the needs and concerns.
My observation here is that there has been a healthy tension between parents who largely appear to be most concerned (and understandably so) about whether their kids will be challenged enough and educators who worry that the new deeper Common Core curriculum will actually be much more difficult and that we risk making inappropriate placement decisions if we use the same framework as before, e.g. “my child must take Algebra (or Geometry) by 8th grade.” Both of these perspectives are valid, and we must recognize that this is in the context of much uncertainty — all being new, we have no experience or data to inform decisions on placements of students and pacing of offerings.
So, to address all this, the District is proposing a broad set of offerings, with a number of different “paces” to find an appropriate one for each student. Although there has been some concern over the last few months by many parents that we wouldn’t any more be offering an “accelerated” class for 6th graders and/or a Geometry class for 8th graders, these options will indeed remain open. You can see the entire presentation from last night’s meeting, but the most relevant new piece of information was slide 5 (click on the image to enlarge):
These three “paces” should accommodate almost all of our students, but we will must recognize that each class is still more advanced than its counterpart in the past. For example, being proficient in Common Core Geometry as an 8th grader should be much more difficult than it is even now, so although there is no way to predict the percentage of the student body that will fall into each of these paths, the educators are saying they think this “3 year pace” may be reserved for a very small number of students.
The next step is for the middle schools to develop their schedule for next year and look at student placements. Parents will be hearing soon about the placement process for next year. But given that we will be in a transition period for the next few years, we must recognize that we will make mistakes in placement. So, the Board consensus last night was that we need to build in extra flexibility and fluidity into the system so that we can accommodate (and indeed, even expect) the movement of students from one “pace” to another, either from year-to-year or within a given year. Also, we must ensure that there will be frequent communication throughout the year with individual parents to best understand how their student is doing in the current placement and also provide the appropriate level of support for each child during any change.
In general, these changes are all very exciting, but they will certainly produce some anxiety (particularly among parents) as it moves forward. Perhaps in three to five years these issues will be moot as we will have the experience and the data to be certain in our offerings and student placements, but for now we will work forward in partnership between our dedicated educators and families.